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Strategic foresight

What is strategic foresight ?

Foresight is the discipline of exploring, anticipating and shaping the future to help building and using collective intelligence in a structured, and systemic way to anticipate developments. Strategic foresight, on the other hand, seeks to embed foresight into European Union policy-making. It builds on collective intelligence in a structured and systematic way to help better develop possible transition pathways, prepare the EU to withstand shocks and shape the future we want.

Strategic Foresight:

  • Anticipates trends, risks, emerging issues, and their potential implications and opportunities in order to draw useful insights for strategic planning, policy-making and preparedness.
  • Informs the design of new Commission initiatives and the review of existing policies in line with the revamped Commission Better Regulation toolbox;

Strategic Foresight is not about predicting the future; it explores different possible futures, alongside the opportunities and challenges they might present. Ultimately, it will help us act in the present to shape the future we want.

Key actors

Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič is the first ever member of the College of Commissioners in charge of strategic foresight. Part of Vice-President’s mission is to lead the efforts to embed strategic foresight at the heart of EU policymaking. The Secretariat-General and the Joint Research Centre lead the implementation of the mandate (the latter drawing on its internal foresight capacities). The Commission’s Strategic Foresight Network ensures long-term policy coordination between all Directorates-General. The Commission is building close foresight cooperation and alliances with other EU institutions, notably in the context of the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS). It also works with international partners, and develops partnerships that draw on Member States’ public foresight capabilities through the EU-wide Foresight Network.

Strategic Foresight Reports

The Commission produces an annual Strategic Foresight Report, which informs the Commission Work Programmes and multi-annual programming exercises. This exercise is conducted through a participative and cross-sectoral foresight process, led by Commission services in consultations with Member States, discussion with the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS) and external stakeholders. 

The 2022 Strategic Foresight Report: ‘Twinning the green and digital transitions in the new geopolitical context’, focuses on the interplay between Europe’s twin transitions, also taking into account the disruptive and changing geopolitical landscape in which these transitions are happening. It highlights the key role played by digital technologies in Europe’s five strategic and most greenhouse gas emitting sectors: energy, transport, industry, construction, and agriculture. It also outlines 10 areas of action key to maximise synergies and reduce tensions between both transitions towards 2050.

2022 Strategic Foresight Report

The 2021 Strategic Foresight Report, The EU’s capacity and freedom to act’, presents a forward-looking and multidisciplinary perspective on important trends that will affect the EU towards 2050, including: climate change and other challenges, technological transformations, pressure on democracy and values, as well as shifts in the global order and demography. It has also identified 10 areas where the EU can strengthen its capacity and freedom to act.

2021 Strategic Foresight Report

The 2020 Strategic Foresight Report, ‘Charting the course towards a more resilient Europe’ discussed the first structural lessons learnt from the COVID-19 crisis, and explained how foresight can help strengthen Europe’s long-term resilience in an era of fundamental and rapid change. It did so by analysing the EU’s resilience across four dimensions: social and economic, geopolitical, green and digital. The report introduced resilience dashboards  that act as monitoring tools for policymakers.

2020 Strategic Foresight Report

EU-wide Foresight Network

The launch of an EU-wide Foresight Network was announced in the Commission’s 2020 Strategic Foresight Report. Its objective is to develop synergies that draw on public administration foresight capabilities, by bringing together intelligence and foresight expertise from all Member States and the European Commission for strategic exchanges and cooperation on forward-looking issues relevant to Europe’s future. This includes topics like open strategic autonomy, resilience and our capacity to achieve the green, digital and fair transitions.

The EU-wide Foresight Network has two levels. “Ministers for the Future”, designated by each Member State at the invitation of Vice-President Šefčovič, meet informally at least once a year. Their mission is to discuss and agree with the Commission on the main strategic priorities for the Commission’s strategic foresight agenda, take stock of progress, discuss key issues of relevance for Europe’s future and agree on follow-up. This work feeds into EU strategic programming.

The work of the Ministers for the Future is supported by a network of senior officials from national administrations, who meet at least twice a year to prepare the ministerial meetings, follow-up on their conclusions and cooperate in working groups.

Supporting EU policy-making

Strategic Foresight helps improve policy design, develop future-proof strategies and ensure that short-term actions are coherent with long-term objectives by using a number of different techniques, including:

Horizon scanning: a systematic scan and collection of events and trends, the output being a future-scape or visual mapping of new signals of change

Megatrends analysis: analysis and discussion of pattern shifts and interacting trends, the output being a story of the future (singular) and a plan of action

Scenario planning: interactive and iterative process, involving interviews, analysis and modelling, the output being a set of stories of plausible futures, whether we like them or not, and how these might come about

Visioning: identification of a preferred direction, the output being a shared understanding and explicit description of the preferred future and a medium term roadmap detailing specific actions for making progress towards the vision

Strategic foresight guides the Commission in achieving President von der Leyen’s six headline ambitions by:

  • Conducting foresight exercises on forward-looking issues to explore ways to achieve the aspirations outlined in the Commission’s political priorities, analyse key trends, risks and  emerging issues and define topics of critical interest for the EU. These exercises include the publication of an Annual Strategic Foresight Report. Starting from 2021, its preparation will be based on full foresight cycles, which are linked with the priorities of the annual State of the Union addresses, subsequent Commission Work Programmes and multi-annual programming  
  • Supporting the Commission’s Work Programme as part of the revised Better Regulation Agenda. Major policy initiatives should be informed by strategic foresight, ensuring that EU policies draw on a clear understanding of future trends and emerging issues, possible scenarios and related challenges and opportunities. For instance, the Commission has developed foresight scenarios presenting a subset of possible futures in 2040 to directly inform the Commission’s Communication on the Long Term Vision for Rural Areas.
  • Supporting future thinking among policymakers and inspiring long-term strategies on key policy issues through dedicated newsletters “Foresight ON”. e.g. on artificial intelligence and digital transformation, raw materials, security, health, synergies between civil, defence and space industries, or European territories.  Apart from newsletters, the Commission also delivers dedicated foresight reports, on topics such as the Future professional roles of Farmers by 2040, the future of Customs in the EU and the Future of Jobs is Green.
  • Informing reviews under the Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme, which identifies opportunities to reduce Europe’s regulatory burden, and informs the assessment of whether existing EU laws remain ‘fit for the future’.

Next steps

  • Developing cooperation within the EU-wide Foresight Network, to build foresight capacity in Member State administrations across the EU.
  • European Strategy and Political Analysis System (ESPAS) conference 2022.
  • Implementation of the Commission’s Strategic Foresight Agenda for this policy cycle and inform initiatives in the Commission Work Programme.
  • Preparations of the 2022 Strategic Foresight Report.


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Strategic Foresight Report - 2021
(263.33 KB - HTML)


Strategic Foresight Report – 2021 - reader friendly version
(10.38 MB - PDF)


30 JUNE 2021
Speech by Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič at the España 2050 High-Level Foresight Event


Strategic Foresight Report – Charting the course towards a more resilient Europe (reader-friendly version)
(2.26 MB - PDF)


Strategic Foresight Report – Charting the course towards a more resilient Europe
(387.43 KB - HTML)


Strategic Foresight Primer
(1.26 MB - PDF)


President von der Leyen’s mission letter to Maroš Šefčovič
(578.35 KB - PDF)