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Technical Support Instrument (TSI)


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On 5 May, the European Commission organised the 2022 Technical Support Instrument Annual Conference, to highlight the importance of the Technical Support Instrument for the successful design and implementation of key reforms in the Member States.

Furthermore, the conference addressed, in particular in the context of the recent crises (COVID 19 pandemic, Russian invasion of Ukraine), whereby Member States need to strengthen further their resilience and the structural capacities of their administrations. The conference also marked the official launch of the TSI 2023.

For more information about it and the event recording, look at the event page here.

About the TSI

The Technical Support Instrument (TSI) is the EU programme that provides tailor-made technical expertise to EU Member States to design and implement reforms.The support is demand driven and does not require co-financing from Member States. It is an important pillar of the EU’s initiative to help Member States mitigate the economic and social consequences of the outbreak of the COVID-19 crisis.

Smart, sustainable and socially responsible reforms help to strengthen the resilience of our economies and societies. The TSI offers Member States a unique service to help them tackle reform challenges. The support can take the form of, for example, strategic and legal advice, studies, training and expert visits on the ground. It can cover any phase in the reform process. From preparation and design to development and implementation of the reforms.

The technical support is provided in a wide range of policy areas, including but not limited to climate action, digital transition and health. Member States can also request support to prepare, amend, implement and revise their national recovery and resilience plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility.

By providing on the ground support to overcome reform challenges, the TSI helps Member States to recover from the social and economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, to improve the quality of public services and to reinforce sustainable and inclusive economic growth. The TSI is the successor programme of the Structural Reform Support Programme (2017-2020) and builds on its experience in building capacity in Member States. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Structural Reform Support (DG REFORM) manages the TSI.

TSI support for reforms

  • starts with a request for support from an EU Member State

  • is tailor-made to address the country's needs

  • provides a unique combination of expertise from the European Commission, EU Member States’  national administrations, international organisations and/or the private sector

  • strengthens the capacity of an EU Member State to carry out reforms

  • requires no co-financing


€864 million for the period 2021-2027 (in current prices)

Types of support

EU Member States can request technical support under the TSI to:

  • implement resilience-enhancing reforms in the context of EU economic governance, such as those arising from country-specific recommendations under the European Semester and by virtue of implementing EU law
  • prepare, amend, implement and revise national recovery and resilience plans under the Recovery and Resilience Facility
  • implement economic adjustment programmes
  • implement reforms undertaken at their own initiative

How does it work?

An EU Member State wishing to receive technical support submits a request to the Commission, via a national Coordinating Authority. This request must be submitted by 31 October of each year.

The Commission analyses the requests received and enters into dialogue with the national Coordinating Authorities to assess the country' specific needs and the options to support the design and implementation of the reforms.

Support may be provided directly through the Commission’s in-house expertise or with other providers of technical support:

  • experts from EU Member States' national administrations (TAIEX)
  • international organisations
  • private firms and consultancies
  • individual experts from the private sector

TAIEX-TSI Peer 2 Peer is an instrument managed in cooperation with the Directorate General for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR) to implement part of the TSI of DG REFORM. The instrument allows experts from national administrations to exchange expertise through expert missions, study visits and workshops. The instrument is only available for projects selected under the TSI.

Reform areas covered

The TSI provides technical support to Member States in a wide range of policy areas. These include:

  • Green transition (including climate action, circular economy and energy transition)
  • Digital transition
  • Health and long-term care
  • Skills, education and training
  • Governance and public administration
  • Competitiveness
  • Financial sector and access to finance
  • Revenue administration and public financial management
  • Labour market, social protection and migration

Project in the spotlight

The EU Supervisory Digital Finance Academy (EU-SDFA) is a TSI flagship initiative aimed at supporting financial supervisory authorities in coping with the risks and opportunities associated with the use of advanced technologies in the financial sector.

The Commission has established the Academy in cooperation with the three European Supervisory Authorities (EBA – ESMA – EIOPA) and the Florence School of Banking of the European University Institute (FBF-EUI). The EU-SDFA encompasses comprehensive training cycles and workshops enabling the acquisition of new expertise and skills, knowledge sharing and peer-to-peer exchanges within the financial supervisory community.

The main expected result of the project is for academy participants to be able to gather both core and advanced/sectoral skills in the field of innovative finance by participating to foundational and advanced learning modules of the EU-SDFA. Supervisory staff will also acquire policy-oriented skills based on practical experiences and case studies. Finally, the EU-SDFA will contribute to policy-making activities by identifying supervisory needs, emerging challenges, risks and best practices in the area of innovative digital finance.

EU Supervisory Digital Finance Academy (EU-SDFA)

Examples of projects

So far, more than 1200 reform projects have been supported in 27 Member States. These include:

  • improving the operational capacity and efficiency of public administrations
  • modernising public financial management
  • reforming tax administrations
  • developing the digital economy
  • achieving climate and energy goals
  • attracting foreign direct investment
  • reforming education systems
  • improving financing opportunities under the Capital-Markets-Union initiative
  • improving the efficiency of dealing with non-performing loans

Examples of reform support


Main contact point for EU countries:

For more on the TSI:

Directorate General for Structural Reform Support:

Entities implementing EU funds under indirect management:








DG REFORM brochure - General
(1.73 MB - PDF)
26 AUGUST 2020
DG REFORM brochure - Technical support for implementing the European Green Deal
(3.02 MB - PDF)
23 JULY 2020
DG REFORM brochure - Governance and public administration
(1.38 MB - PDF)
23 JULY 2020
DG REFORM brochure - Growth and business environment
(2.03 MB - PDF)
23 JULY 2020
DG REFORM brochure - Labour market, education, health and social services
(1.86 MB - PDF)
23 JULY 2020
DG REFORM brochure - Revenue administration and public financial management
(2.31 MB - PDF)
23 JULY 2020
DG REFORM brochure - Financial sector and access to finance
(1.9 MB - PDF)