A clean energy transition
The production and use of energy account for more than 75% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions. Decarbonising the EU’s energy system is therefore critical to reach our 2030 climate objectives and the EU’s long-term strategy of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050.
The European Green Deal focuses on 3 key principles for the clean energy transition, which will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance the quality of life of our citizens:
- ensuring a secure and affordable EU energy supply
- developing a fully integrated, interconnected and digitalised EU energy market
- prioritising energy efficiency, improving the energy performance of our buildings and developing a power sector based largely on renewable sources
The Commission’s main objectives to achieve this are:
- build interconnected energy systems and better integrated grids to support renewable energy sources
- promote innovative technologies and modern infrastructure
- boost energy efficiency and eco-design of products
- decarbonise the gas sector and promote smart integration across sectors
- empower consumers and help EU countries to tackle energy poverty
- promote EU energy standards and technologies at global level
- develop the full potential of Europe’s offshore wind energy
The European Commission adopted a set of proposals to make the EU's climate, energy, transport and taxation policies fit for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels. More information on Delivering the European Green Deal.
In the spotlight
To meet the EU’s energy and climate targets for 2030, EU countries need to establish a 10-year integrated national energy and climate plan (NECP) for the period from 2021 to 2030. The national plans outline how the EU countries intend to address five areas: energy efficiency, renewables, greenhouse gas emissions reductions, interconnections, and research and innovation.
Thematic factsheets on various aspects of energy and its role in delivering the Green Deal