Customs-related security initiatives of the EU include the concept of Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) and security cooperation with non-EU countries.
The European Commission contributes funding and works on harmonising certification procedures for security technologies.
Law enforcement cooperation
Agencies such as Europol assist police forces in EU member countries with joint actions, improved information exchange and operational cooperation.
Support for global security
The EU carries out civilian and military missions worldwide under the common security and defence policy (CSDP).
External border control
EU helps its member countries in saving lives at sea and securing Europe's external borders. The Frontex agency coordinates surveillance and risk analysis.
Schengen and internal borders
Thanks to the border-free Schengen Area, EU countries' citizens and visitors can move freely throughout the 26 participating countries.
Preventing and fighting terrorism
Coordinating national anti-terrorism forces, preventing radicalisation, and conducting security research and crisis management are all aims of the EU.
Combating organised crime
The EU helps its member countries combat crimes such as human trafficking, online child abuse, cybercrime and trafficking in firearms and drugs.