Customs-related security initiatives of the EU include the concept of Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) and security cooperation with non-EU countries.
The European Commission contributes funding and works on harmonising certification procedures for security technologies.
Agencies such as Europol assist police forces in EU member countries with joint actions, improved information exchange and operational cooperation.
The EU carries out civilian and military missions worldwide under the common security and defence policy (CSDP).
EU helps its member countries in saving lives at sea and securing Europe's external borders. The Frontex agency coordinates surveillance and risk analysis.
Thanks to the border-free Schengen Area, EU countries' citizens and visitors can move freely throughout the 26 participating countries.
Coordinating national anti-terrorism forces, preventing radicalisation, and conducting security research and crisis management are all aims of the EU.
The EU helps its member countries combat crimes such as human trafficking, online child abuse, cybercrime and trafficking in firearms and drugs.