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Negotiation process of the 2021-2027 long-term EU budget & NextGenerationEU

The EU long-term budget 2021-2027 together with NextGenerationEU, the recovery instrument, form the largest stimulus package ever financed through the EU budget, of over €2.0 trillion.

It was agreed following a negotiations process. The process started with a Commission proposal in May 2018. After the coronavirus pandemic hit Europe, a second proposal followed in May 2020, to make sure the budget can better support Europe’s recovery. This second proposal also included NextGenerationEU.

In July 2020, after negotiations which lasted for four days and nights, the EU heads of state or government endorsed the next long-term budget and NextGenerationEU. On 10 November 2020, the agreement was sealed also with the European Parliament.

The last step of the process took place on 17 December 2020, with a final adoption of the 2021-2027 package by the Council of the European Union.

Following this process, and after all additional relevant rules and regulation have been adopted or ratified, people across the EU and beyond can apply for funding as of 1 January 2021.

Final negotiations







Speech by President von der Leyen at the European Parliament Plenary on the conclusions of the Special European Council meeting of 17-21 July 2020 (23 July 2020)

European Parliament resolution 23 July 2020

European Council conclusions 21 July 2020


Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027
Allocations per heading (all amounts in € billion)

1. Single Market, Innovation and Digital149.511.5161.0
2. Cohesion, Resilience and Values426.7776.51 203.2
3. Natural Resources and Environment401.018.9419.9
4. Migration and Border Management25.7-25.7
5. Security and Defence14.9-14.9
6. Neighbourhood and the World110.6-110.6
7. European Public Administration82.5-82.5
TOTAL1 210.9806.92 017.8
TOTAL expressed in 2018 prices1 074.3750.01 824.3


The EU budget is not and has never been about giving and taking. Everybody is a winner from being part of the single market, addressing the challenge of migration and fighting terrorism and climate change together.

For this particular budget, every Member State will win extra resources to finance its economic and social recovery following the Covid-19 crisis.

Nevertheless, for some programmes country-by-country envelopes exist. Information about these is available here.

Commission Proposal May 2020

In May 2020, the Commission has proposed a powerful, modern and revamped long-term EU budget boosted by Next Generation EU, an emergency temporary recovery instrument, to help repair the immediate economic and social damage brought by the coronavirus pandemic, kickstart the recovery and prepare for a better future for the next generation.

This proposal builds on the 2018 Commission’s proposal and on the considerable progress that has already been made in the European Parliament and the Council. To ensure an effective implementation of the Recovery Plan, which reaches out to everybody in the EU and to our global partners, the Commission is mobilising a variety of instruments, organised around three pillars.

The proposed EU budget will power a fair socio-economic recovery, repair and revitalise the Single Market, guarantee a level playing field, and support the urgent investments – in particular in the green and digital transitions – which hold the key to Europe’s future prosperity and resilience.

Unprecedented investments to restore and rebuild Europe

Press material

Press release

Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers related to the MFF proposal and the sectoral programmes presented in May 2020.


Speeches by President von der Leyen and European Commissioners on the proposals for the 2021-2027 EU long-term budget and sectoral programmes.

Opening remarks by President von der Leyen at the joint press conference with President Michel following the Special European Council meeting of 17-21 July 2020 (21 July 2020)


  • Factsheet

MFF Factsheets

Factsheets on the Commission's proposal for the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework.

  • Factsheet

Sectoral factsheets

Factsheets on the sectoral programmes presented in May 2020 with the Commission's proposal for the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework.


MFF Legislation

The Commission’s proposal for the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework and system of Own Resources.

Sectoral legislation

The sectoral legislation governing the programmes of the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework.

Commission Proposal May 2018

For more information on the Commission's proposal adopted in May 2018, see:

EU budget for the future