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SURE is the EU programme to finance short-term employment schemes across the EU and keep people in jobs during the coronavirus pandemic.

On 7th December 2022, the EU issued its last bond under SURE, raising €6.55 billion through a 15-year social bond. The transaction brought the total funding raised under the programme to €98.4 billion, out of a maximum funding envelope of €100 billion (available only until the end of 2022).

All SURE funds were raised through back-to-back issuance of SURE social bonds. This saw the Commission become one of the world’s most significant Environmental, social, and governance (ESG)-label issuers, with SURE social bonds accounting for 16% of global social bond issuance in 2021.

SURE social bonds

The Commission started issuing social bonds in October 2020, following the adoption of an independently evaluated Social Bond Framework. The framework is compliant with the Social Bond Principles of the International Capital Market Association (ICMA).

The first SURE transaction was record-breaking, attracting an order book of €233 billion, the largest order book for any deal in the history of global bond markets.

Between October 2020 and December 2022, the Commission issued a total of €98.4 billion of social bonds in 9 issuances. The programme has thus been completed, becoming ending as the world’s largest social bond scheme.

SURE disbursements

An overview of the funds disbursed via SURE over the lifetime of the instrument is available here:

15 DECEMBER 2022
SURE - Disbursements under various bond maturities
(102.64 KB - PDF)

SURE reporting

The Commission reports twice a year on the results achieved by SURE.

The fourth and latest report – published on 23 September 2022 – confirmed that SURE played a key part in the European policy response to the coronavirus crisis, supporting at least 31.5 million people and 2.5 million firms across 19 different Member States.

Fourth report on the implementation of SURE


Reports 1 to 3 are available online below.

24 MARCH 2022
Third report on the implementation of SURE
(841.45 KB - PDF)
Second report on the implementation of SURE
(641.89 KB - PDF)
22 MARCH 2021
SURE: Taking stock after six months
(936.19 KB - PDF)


All documents linked to the EU SURE Social Bond Framework are available in the documents' section of our website.