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European Instrument for International Nuclear Safety Cooperation - Performance

Programme in a nutshell

Concrete examples of achievements (*)

2 500
participated in the training and tutoring programme between 2014 and 2020.
benefited from EU assistance in relation to nuclear safety between 2014 and 2020.
regulatory documents
were drafted and adopted between 2014 and 2020 with the support of the fund.
nuclear waste management and strategy documents
were produced between 2014 and 2020.

(*) Key achievements in the table state which period they relate to. Many come from the implementation of the predecessor programmes under the 2014-2020 multiannual financial framework. This is expected and is due to the multiannual life cycle of EU programmes and the projects they finance, where results often follow only after completion of the programmes.

Budget for 2021-2027


Rationale and design of the programme

The programme's objective is to support the promotion of nuclear safety culture and radiation protection, the safe management of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive wastes and the application of effective and efficient safeguards of nuclear materials in non-EU countries.

Legal basis

Council Regulation (Euratom) 2021/948



Nuclear safety

Implementation and performance



Budget programming (million EUR):

Financial programming37.638.639.941.844.147.250.9300.0
Decommitments made available again (*)N/A      N/A
Contributions from other countries and entities        

(*) Only Article 15(3) of the financial regulation.



  Financial programming:
  + EUR 0.0 million (+ 0%)
  compared to the legal basis


Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

 ImplementationBudgetImplementation rate
Payments0.9 0%


Voted budget implementation in 2021 (million EUR):

 Voted budget implementationInitial voted budget

Contribution to horizontal priorities

EU budget contribution in 2021 (million EUR):

ClimateBiodiversityGender equality (*)
00Score 1: 34.3
Score 0: 3.3

(*) Based on the applied gender contribution methodology, the following scores are attributed at the most granular level of intervention possible:
- 2: interventions the principal objective of which is to improve gender equality;
- 1: interventions that have gender equality as an important and deliberate objective but not as the main reason for the intervention;
- 0: non-targeted interventions;
- 0*: score to be assigned to interventions with a likely but not yet clear positive impact on gender equality.


Performance assessment

  • Performance assessment will be provided once the implementation of the 2021-2027 programme has started.

MFF 2014-2020 – Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation

The predecessor of the INSC in the 2014-2020 multiannual financial framework was the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation.


Budget implementation

Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

 ImplementationBudgetImplementation rate
Payments216.6 68.89%

Performance assessment

  • Whereas the assessment noted the high relevance and unique benefit of INSC, it also emphasised the need for improvements in cooperating with international organisations such as the Atomic Energy Agency.
  • Since 1991, cooperation with the regulatory authorities has primarily aimed at improving the governmental, legal and regulatory frameworks, based on experiences in the EU. This involved the transfer of regulatory practices used in the Member States.
  • The competence of staff working in the nuclear area is of the utmost importance to ensure that the use of nuclear technology is safe. The instrument supported training and tutoring actions, which transfer EU knowledge to students and young professionals. Some 2 500 staff were trained in the beneficiary countries between 2014 and 2020. Around 34% of these were women, which contributes to the gender equality goal in a highly specialised scientific area. This confirms the success of the programme.
  • A major milestone was to make the Chernobyl site environmentally stable and safe. This goal was met on 29 November 2016 by sliding the New Safe Confinement over the nuclear reactor destroyed in April 1986. The New Safe Confinement is a giant arch-shaped structure that covers the damaged Chernobyl Unit 4 in order to prevent any further radioactive release.
  • The total project cost is in the order of EUR 1.5 billion, to which the EU contributed more than EUR 430 million (across several multiannual financial frameworks).

In July 2019, the facility was officially handed over to the Ukrainian government. In 2020, the final facility used for safely storing the spent nuclear fuel was completed and transferred to Ukraine, terminating the long-lasting international engagement for Chernobyl.

Programme statement

Programme Statement – European Instrument for International Nuclear Safety Cooperation
(881.79 KB - PDF)