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Bilateral cooperation

The EU has direct relations on product safety with its main international partners, such as the USA, China, Canada and Japan.

United States

Given the EU-U.S. strong trade relationship and the similarities tetween the two markets, consumers and authorities on both sides of the Atlantic fact similar product safety issues. Likewise, the growth of e-commerce, the expansion of new technologies, the globalisation of production and retail sales, and specific needs of vulnerable consumer groups pose the same challenges to product safety on both sides of the Atlantic. These trends nave been further amplified by the Covid-19 pandemic.

Against this background, and based on their shared values, in April 2022, the European Commission launched an infromal dialogue on consumer product safety with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to further strengthen a long standing, fruitful cooperation.

Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)


China is one of the biggest exporters of consumer products (around 85% of all toys on the European market come from China).

The EU-China formal cooperation on product safety was established in 2006 with a memorandum of understanding between the Commission and the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China (GACC) .

The memorandum sets up a framework for better communication and collaboration between both sides on product safety.

Upgrades of the memorandum were signed in 2008 and 2010.

11 NOVEMBER 2010
Memorandum of understanding between DG SANCO and AQSIQ regarding the EU-China formal cooperation on product safety - 2008
(2 MB - PDF)
11 NOVEMBER 2010
Memorandum of understanding between DG SANCO and AQSIQ regarding the EU-China formal cooperation on product safety - 2010
(495.5 KB - PDF)

Information exchange system on dangerous products (RAPEX-CHINA)

The "RAPEX-CHINA" system facilitates regular and rapid transmission of data between the EU and China on dangerous products of Chinese origin found in the EU (and notified on Safety Gate).

GACC investigates the notifications it receives and, when necessary, adopts measures which prevent or restrict further export of the specific hazardous products to the EU.

The Safe non-food consumer Products in the EU and China (SPEAC) project aims at enhancing the protection of EU citizens by reducing the presence of unsafe products on the EU markets coming from China. The SPEAC project is set to develop a comprehensive series of trainings, webinars and videos to reach large audiences of Chinese manufacturers and other actors in the supply chain.

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TheEU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement envisages cooperation and information exchange between the Parties in the area of non-food product safety. 

Based on an administrative arrangement of November 2018, the Parties developed an automated exchange of information on dangerous non-food consumer products between the EU’s Safety Gate/RAPEX system and Health Canada’s RADAR system. The exchange includes non-public information on dangerous products and enforcement measures taken on both sides of the Atlantic.


13 NOVEMBER 2018
Administrative arrangement
(10.25 MB - PDF)


In addition, both jurisdictions collaborate on awareness-raising initiatives. Three coordinated communication campaigns (on button batteries, toy recalls and pool safety) took place in 2019-2021.

In the area of market surveillance, a pilot coordinated market surveillance acrtivity (on heavy metals in children’s jewellery) took place in 2020-2021.