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Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund - Performance

Programme in a nutshell

Concrete examples of achievements (*)

41 266
in reception accommodation infrastructure were set up in line with the EU acquis between 2014 and 2021.
71 235
were trained in asylum-related topics between 2014 and 2021.
114 659
participated in pre-departure measures between 2014 and 2021.
86 243
were resettled between 2014 and 2021.
347 387
had their return co-financed by the fund between 2014 and 2021.

(*) Key achievements in the table state which period they relate to. Many come from the implementation of the predecessor programmes under the 2014-2020 multiannual financial framework. This is expected and is due to the multiannual life cycle of EU programmes and the projects they finance, where results often follow only after completion of the programmes.

Budget for 2021-2027


Rationale and design of the programme

The Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) promotes the efficient management of migration flows and the implementation, strengthening and development of a common approach to asylum and immigration in the EU.

Legal basis

Regulation (EU) 2021/1147 of the European Parliament and of the Council



Asylum, Migration and Integration Funds

Implementation and performance



Budget programming (million EUR):

Financial programming497.61 370.61 417.81 500.41 782.41 702.51 797.210 068.7
Decommitments made available again (*)N/A      N/A
Contributions from other countries and entities0.0p.m.p.m.p.m.p.m.p.m.p.m.0.0

(*) Only Article 15(3) of the financial regulation.


more or less

  Financial programming:
  + EUR 191.8 million (+ 2%)
  compared to the legal basis


Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

 ImplementationBudgetImplementation rate
Commitments496.810 068.75%
Payments44.9 0%


Voted budget implementation in 2021 (million EUR):

 Voted budget implementationInitial voted budget

Contribution to horizontal priorities

EU budget contribution in 2021 (million EUR):

ClimateBiodiversityGender equality (*)
00Score 0*: 496.8

(*) Based on the applied gender contribution methodology, the following scores are attributed at the most granular level of intervention possible:
- 2: interventions the principal objective of which is to improve gender equality;
- 1: interventions that have gender equality as an important and deliberate objective but not as the main reason for the intervention;
- 0: non-targeted interventions;
- 0*: score to be assigned to interventions with a likely but not yet clear positive impact on gender equality.


Performance assessment

Performance assessment will be provided once the implementation of the 2021-2027 programme has started in earnest and the first performance reports have been received.

MFF 2014-2020 – Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund

The AMIF is achieving its objectives, especially considering the volatile and challenging migration situation throughout the 2014-2020 period. The AMIF provides the financial means to push forward the EU's agenda on migration. The Commission is working to establish a comprehensive approach on this agenda, developing legislative proposals to establish and improve common EU action, and monitoring and enforcing the correct implementation of applicable rules by the Member States.


Budget implementation

Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

 ImplementationBudgetImplementation rate
Commitments7 585.47 595.0100%
Payments5 678.0 75%

Performance assessment

  • The AMIF focused on the three areas identified in its acronym: asylum schemes, migration and integration. Whereas in the first year a stronger focus was placed on asylum schemes, for example via resettlement and relation, the latter years have focused increasingly on legal migration and integration.
  • Overall, most of the innovative measures (simplified cost options, multiannual programming) are considered beneficial and appear to have achieved simplification. Room for improvement still exists, however, especially in relation to the internal coherence of the fund and the administrative part (control measures) that affects efficiency, or in relation to the monitoring and evaluation system under the AMIF, including in terms of definitions of its indicators and the collection of data. These are key aspects currently being tackled while the new 2021-2027 programmes and related monitoring systems are being set up together with the fund's managing authorities.
  • In terms of performance, most of the indicators set out for the AMIF have achieved or exceeded their targets, with the exception of the returns area, which was particularly affected in 2020 and 2021 by COVID-19-related travel restrictions.
  • On the strengthening of the Common European Asylum System, the number of asylum applications increased by a third compared to 2020, coming back to pre-pandemic levels after a drop that was largely driven by COVID-19 and the related travel restrictions. Emergency assistance is the Commission's main tool for providing strategic operational EU added-value support at short notice in the form of grants and contributions, which was confirmed later on by the interim evaluation of the fund. Since 2015, the total amount of AMIF emergency assistance has reached over EUR 2.4 billion. As regards the AMIF programmes, the fund provided 2.72 million people in target groups with asylum assistance, exceeding its target of 1.26 million, and 71 235 people were trained in asylum-related topics compared to a target of 25 205.
  • On effective integration and legal migration, the Commission supports the Member States in integrating non-EU nationals through the use of EU funding, some of which is provided by the AMIF and the rest by the European Structural and Investment Funds. Between 2014 and 2020, EUR 1 022 million was allocated under the AMIF to support measures on integration and legal migration. In 2021, Member States reported expenditure of EUR 147 million. Under the AMIF national programmes, the target of 2.6 million people having participated in integration assistance projects was greatly exceeded.
  • However, as regards the number of persons who participated in pre-departure measures, the results fell far below the target set (114 659 people supported versus a target of 240 920). Reaching the targets depends on Member States and their estimates, with some exceeding their targets significantly and others still at a very early stage of fulfilling them. Travel restrictions and delays due to COVID-19 also played a role.
  • On effective return policies, with migrants who have no right to stay in the EU needing to be returned, the area needs further improvement and additional efforts, which will depend on better cooperation by non-EU countries and on Member States' effectiveness in implementing returns. In 2020, the rate of effective return of from the EU-27 to non-EU countries dropped to 17.7%, given that return decisions were affected much less than actual return operations by travel restrictions on the grounds of COVID-19. Return-related indicators are also not fully on track to achieve their targets. However, in 2021, the Commission put forward a number of new initiatives to improve on effective return policies, including its first strategy on voluntary returns and reintegration ( ), additional cooperation with key countries of origin and the strengthening of flights coordinated by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (up by approximately 50%). Furthermore, in March 2022, the Commission also appointed a return coordinator in DG Migration and Home Affairs.
  • On strengthening solidarity and sharing responsibilities between Member States, in 2016 the Commission proposed a system with a corrective allocation mechanism, which has not yet been adopted by the European Parliament and the Council. However, there is a need for emergency measures to support Member States facing disproportionate numbers of arrivals. Therefore, in addition to their national allocations, several Member States, notably Greece, Spain and Italy, have benefited from AMIF emergency assistance. For example, EUR 1.897 billion in emergency assistance had been granted to Greece by the end of December 2021.
  • The main lessons learnt during the programming period 2014-2020 include the following:
    • there has been insufficient cooperation, coordination and strategic steering in the implementation of the AMIF with other EU-level initiatives;
    • there is a need for simplification;
    • there is insufficient flexibility to respond to changing needs during the programming period;
    • there is a need to strengthen the quality of performance monitoring, with more regular and reliable data setting out result indicators.

Programme statement

7 JUNE 2022
Programme Statement – Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund
(1.07 MB - PDF)