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Common Agricultural Policy - Performance

Programme in a nutshell

Concrete examples of achievements

5.6 million
benefited from direct payments in financial year 2021.
400 000
benefited from the young farmers scheme in 2020.
18.9 million
were supported in 2020.
of agricultural land
was covered by management contracts contributing to biodiversity in 2020.
3.8 million
were under land-management contracts targeting the reduction of greenhouse gases or ammonia emissions in 2020.
2 million
of agricultural and forest land were covered by management contracts contributing to carbon sequestration or conservation in 2020.
869 000
of irrigated land had switched to more efficient irrigation systems in 2020.
1.8 million
received vocational training in agriculture in 2020, the 2025 target being 3.9 million.

Budget for 2021-2027


Rationale and design of the programme

The common agricultural policy (CAP) consists of two funds: the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). In order to improve the sustainable development of farming, food and rural areas, the policy: (1) fosters a smart, competitive, resilient and diversified agricultural sector that ensures long-term food security; (2) supports and strengthens environmental protection; and (3) strengthens the socioeconomic fabric of rural areas.

Legal basis

Regulation (EU) 1306/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Regulation (EU) 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Regulation (EU) 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Regulation (EU) 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Regulation (EU) 2020/2220 of the European Parliament and of the Council



Common Agricultural Policy Funds

Implementation and performance



Budget programming (million EUR):

Financial programming55 712.953 096.653 626.953 757.953 890.954 021.954 155.9378 262.9
NextGenerationEU2 387.75 682.8     8 070.5
Decommitments made available again (*)N/A      N/A
Contributions from other countries and
Total58 100.758 779.353 626.953 757.953 890.954 021.954 155.9386 333.4

(*) Only Article 15(3) of the financial regulation.


more or less

  Financial programming:
  - EUR 268.3 million (- 0%)
  compared to the legal basis


Cumulative implementation rate at the end of 2021 (million EUR):

 ImplementationBudgetImplementation rate
Commitments57 388.9386 333.414%
Payments54 006.2 13%


Voted budget implementation in 2021 (million EUR):

 Voted budget implementationInitial voted budget
Commitments55 023.255 752.5
Payments53 940.755 408.3

Contribution to horizontal priorities

EU budget contribution in 2021 (million EUR):

ClimateBiodiversityGender equality (*)
17 211.96(ℹ)9 942.9Score 0*: 55 023.2

(*) Based on the applied gender contribution methodology, the following scores are attributed at the most granular level of intervention possible:
- 2: interventions the principal objective of which is to improve gender equality;
- 1: interventions that have gender equality as an important and deliberate objective but not as the main reason for the intervention;
- 0: non-targeted interventions;
- 0*: score to be assigned to interventions with a likely but not yet clear positive impact on gender equality.

(ℹ) Item corrected after adoption of the AMPR. See also link.


Performance assessment

Programme statement

7 JUNE 2022
Programme Statement – Common Agricultural Policy
(2.37 MB - PDF)